Teacher Notes

Part A: SDGs

The Sustainable Development Goals were launched on 1 January 2016, having been agreed to by world leaders at the United Nations (UN).  The seventeen goals provide an action guide for both developed and developing countries to implement over the next fifteen years.  They aim to promote economic growth, equality and environmental protection for all countries.

The Sustainable Development Goals

  1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
  2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
  3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being at all ages
  4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
  5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
  6. Ensure availability and sustainability management of water and sanitation for all
  7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable sustainable and modern energy for all
  8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment
  9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialisation and foster innovation
  10. Reduce inequality within and among countries
  11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
  12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
  13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
  14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
  15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems
  16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development and provide access to justice for all
  17. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalise the global partnership for sustainable development
For more information on each goal visit the UN website

  1. List an example of an action that could be taken to help achieve each goal.
  2. According to the UN, the seventeen goals cover the three dimensions of sustainable development: economic growth, social inclusion and environmental protection.
    • Why are there three dimensions?
    • Are they equally important?
    • Do you think progress could be made in one dimension without also addressing the other dimensions? Why or why not?