Part A: Why people come

Watch the following video to explore three migration stories.

Show transcript

This video showed just three Australian migration stories.  Read the information below to get a broader picture.

Migrants come to Australia either through the migration program, for skilled and family migrants, or as refugees through Australia's humanitarian program.  In 2016-2017, 183,608 migrants came to Australia through the migration program and of these, nearly 70% were skilled migrants.  Skilled migrants have trade or professional qualifications that are needed in Australia at the time.  The remainder were approved under the family stream of the migration program, which allows people to join family members in Australia. The main source countries for this program in 2014-2015 were:

Country Arrivals
India 38,854
China 28,293
United Kingom 17,038

Australia's humanitarian program provides protection for refugees who have been forced to leave their homes.  In 2015-2016 17,555 visas were issued under this program.  The main countries of birth of people who successfully applied for protection under this program in 2015-2016 were Iraq, Syria, Burma and Afghanistan.

Use the stories from the video and the information provided to answer the following questions.
  1. What are some of the 'push' factors that make people to decide to leave the place they are living?

  2. What are some of the 'pull' factors that make people want to move to Australia?

Take time to reflect on this question:

Did you, your family members, or your ancestors migrate to Australia?  Why did they come?